Calvinism vs. Arminianism in the New Testament



Passages cited by Cohen (The Mind of the Bible-Believer, p. 19, footnotes 16 & 17) as specifically supporting either Calvinist or Arminian interpretation of Christian doctrine.


The verses consistent only with Calvinism are:







11:25, 27



15:13, 24

20:23, 28





4:11-12, 15-20
















6:44, 65

10:14, 16, 26








8:29-30, 33

9:15-16, 21-24




II Corinthians:

10:7, 18









II Thessalonians:



II Timothy:

2:10, 19-20


I Peter:













The verses consistent only with Arminianism are:


In Matthew:



In Luke:






In Acts:



In Romans:

10:9, 13


In Galatians:



In Ephesians:



In Philippians:



In Colossians:



In I Timothy:




In II Timothy:



In Titus:



In II Peter:



In Revelations:

22:17-19, 21





Cohen's Footnote 16. The verses consistent only with Calvinism are:


In Matthew:


2:6-7     - "And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, art not the least among the princes of Judah: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel. [7] Then Herod, when he had privily called the wise men, inquired of them diligently what time the star appeared."


7:16-20 - "Ye shall know them by their fruiitss. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? [17] Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. [18] A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bringeth forth good fruit. [19] Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. [20] Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them."


9:37-38 - "Then saith he unto his disciples, 'The harvest truly is plenteous, but the laborers are few; [38] Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth laborers into his harvest'."


10:5-6 - "These twelve Jesus sent forth, aandd commanded them, saying, 'Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not. [6] But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel'."


11:25, 27 - At that time Jesus answered and said, 'I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes… [27] All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him'."


13:24-30 - "And another parable put he forthh uunto them, saying, 'The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field; [25] But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way. [26] But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then appeared the tares also. [27] So the servants of the householder came and said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it tares? [28] He said unto them, An enemy hath done this. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up? [29] But he said, Nay; lest while you gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat with them. [30] Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn'."


13:37-43 - "He answered and said unto them, 'HHe that soweth the good seed is he Son of man; [38] The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; [39] The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. [40] As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. [41] The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; [42] And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. [43] Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear'."


15:13 - "But he answered and said, 'Everyy pplant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up'."


15:24 "But he answered and said, 'I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel'."


20:23, 28 - [23] "And he saith unto them, 'Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father'." [28] "Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many."


22:2-14 - "The kingdom of heaven is like unntoo a certain king, which made a marriage for his son, [3] And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come. [4] Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage. [5] But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise: [6] And the remnant took his servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them. [7] But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city. [8] Then saith he to his servants, The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden are not worthy. [9] Go ye therefore into the highways and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage. [10] So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests. [11] And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment: [12] And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless. [13] Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. [14] For many are called, but few are chosen."


25:32-34 - "And before him shall be gatheredd aall nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: [33] And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. [34] Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world."



In Mark:


4:11-12 - "And he said unto them, 'Unto youu iit is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables: [12] That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them'."


4:15-20 - "And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts. [16] And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness. [17] And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended. [18] And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word, [19] And the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of the other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful. [20] And these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some thirtyfold, some sixty, and some an hundred."



In Luke:


1:77 - "To give knowledge of salvatioin unto his people by the remission of their sins."


3:17 - "Whose fan is in his hand, and hee wwill throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable."


6:43-45 - "For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. [44] For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes. [45] A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh."


8:5-15 - "A sower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it. [6] And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture. [7] And some fell among thorns, and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it. [8] And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath hears to hear, let him hear. [9] And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be? [10] And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand. [11] Now the parable is this: the seed is the word of God. [12] those by the way side are they that hear; then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. [13] they on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away. [14] And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with the cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection. [15] But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience."


10:22 - "All things are delivered to me oof my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him."


13:23-30 - "Then said one unto him, Lord, arre there few that be saved? And he said unto them, [24] Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able. [25] When once the master of the house is risen up, and hath shut to the door, and ye begin to stand without, and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, Lord, open unto us; and he shall answer and say unto you, I know you not whence ye are: [26] then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets. [27] But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity. [28] There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust out. [29] And they shall come from the east, and from the west, and from the north, and from the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of god. [30] And, behold, there are last which shall be first, and there are first which shall be last."


14:23 -"And the lord said unto the servannt,, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled."


16:31 - "And he said unto him, If they heearr not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded though one rose from the dead."


18:7 - "And shall not God avenge his ownn eelect, which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them?"



In John:


1:12-13 - "But as many as received him, to thhem gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: [13] Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God."


3:6 - "That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit."


6:44 - "No man can come to me, except thhe Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day."


6:65 - "And he said, 'Therefore said I uuntto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father."


10:14 - "I am the good shepherd, and knoww mmy sheep, and am known of mine."


10:16 - "And other sheep I have, which arre not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd."


10:26 - "But ye believe not, because ye aaree not of my sheep, as I said unto you."


15:16 - "Ye have not chosen me, but I havve chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you."


17:2 - "As thou hast given him power oveer all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him."



In Acts:


2:39 - "For the promise is unto you, andd tto your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call."



In Romans:


8:29-30 - "For whom he did foreknow, he alsso did predestinate to be conformed to that image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. [30] Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified."


8:33 - "Who shall lay any thing to the cchaarge of God's elect? It is God that justifyeth."


9:15-16 - "For he saith< to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. [15] So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy."


9:21-24 - "Hath not the potter power over tthee clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor? [22] What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: [23] And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, [24] Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?"


10:20 - "But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me."


11:5 - "Even so then at this present timme also there is a remnant according to the election of grace."



In II Corinthians:


10:7 - "Do ye look on things after the oouttward appearance? If any man trust to himself that he is Christ's, let him of himself think this again, that, as he is Christ's, even so are we Christ's."


10:18 - "For not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth."



In Galatians:


1:15 - "But when it pleased God, who sepparrated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace…"



In Ephesians:


1:4-5 - "According as he hath chosen us iin him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: [5] Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will."


2:8 - "For by grace are ye saved througgh faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God."



In II Thessalonians:


2:11-12 - "And for this cause God shall sennd them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: [12] That they might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness."



In II Timothy:


2:10 - "Therefore I endure all things foor the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory."


2:19-20 - "Nevertheless the foundation of GGodd standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity."



In I Peter:


2:8 - "And a stone of stumbling, and a roock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed."



In Jude:


4 - "For there are certain men crept inn unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ."



In Revelations:


7:3-15 - "Saying, Hurt not the earth, neittheer the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads. [4] And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed an hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel. [5] Of the tribe of Judah were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Reuben were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Gad were sealed twelve thousand. [6] Of the tribe of Aser were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Nepthalim were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Manasses were sealed twelve thousand. [7] Of the tribe of Simeon were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Levi were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Issachar were sealed twelve thousand. [8] Of the tribe of Zabulon were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Joseph were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Benjamin were sealed twelve thousand. [9] After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands. [10] And cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb. [11] And all the angels stood round about the throne, and about the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God. [12] Saying, Amen: Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honor, and power, and might, be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen. [13] And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these? which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they? [14] And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. [15] Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the thrown shall dwell among them."


13:8 - "And all that dwell upon the eartth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world."


22:11 - "He that is unjust, let him be unnjuust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still."




Cohen's Footnote 17. The verses consistent only with Arminianism are:


In Matthew:


11:28 - "Come unto me, all ye that labor annd are heavy laden, and I will give you rest."



In Luke:


2:10 - "And the angel said unto them, Feearr not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people."


11:9-10 - "And I say unto you, Ask, and it shhall be given you; seek, and yes shall find; knock, and it shall be opened for you. [10] For everyone that asketh receiveth, and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened."


13:34 - "O Jerusalem, <Jerusalem, which killest the prophets and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen doth gather her brood under her wings, and ye would not!"


20:38 - "For he is not a God of the dead,, bbut of the living: for all live unto him."



In Acts:


2:17 - "And it shall come to pass in thee llast days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams."


In Romans:


10:9 - "That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved."


10:13 - "For whosoever >shhall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved."



In Galatians:


5:13 - "For, brethren, ye have been callledd unto liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another."



In Ephesians:


4:6 - "One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all."



In Philippians:


2:10-11 - "That at the name of Jesus every knnee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth. [11] And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father."



In Colossians:


1:28 - "Whom we preach, warning every maan,, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus."



In I Timothy:


2:4 - "Who will have all men to be saveed,, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth"


6:2 - "And they that have believing massteers, let them not despise them, because they are brethren; but rather do them service, because they are faithful and beloved, partakers of the benefit. These things teach and exhort."



In II Timothy:


2:21 - "If a man therefore purge himselff ffrom these, he shall be a vessel unto honor, sanctified, and meet for the master's use, and prepared unto every good work."



In Titus:


2:11 - "For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men."



In II Peter:


3:9 - "The Lord is not slack concerningg hhis promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentence."



In Revelations:


22:17-19 - "And the Spirit and the bride sayy, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let them take the water of life freely. [18] For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: [19] And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book."


22:21 - "The grace of our Lord Jesus Chriistt be with you all. Amen."







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